Wednesday, November 14, 2012

~~~~~~~~~~~~~HUNGER: 2nd Course~~~~~~~~~~~~~


Hunger is both a motivation to seek food and an undesirable consequence of lack of food. Though experienced by everyone episodically, hunger becomes a social problem when the means of satisfying the drive to seek food, and of relieving the uncomfortable or painful sensations that accompany hunger, are not available or accessible due to lack of resources.

WORLD HUNGER STATISTICS
Total number of children that die every year from hunger15 million
Percent of world population considered to be starving33%
Time between deaths of people who die from hunger3.6 seconds
Total number of people in the world who suffer from hunger and malnutrition800 million
Total number of people who do not have enough to eat936 million people
Total percentage who do not have enough to eat who live in developing countries98%
Total percentage of world’s hungry that live in 7 countries65%
Number of people who died of hunger today20,864
Total number of people who will die of hunger this year2,073,588
Total percentage of U.S. households that are at risk of hunger11%

Increasingly, Hunger is related to how we use land, water and energy. The growing scarcity of these resources puts more and more pressure on food security. Several factors contribute to an increasing shortage of natural resources[GHI2012 1]:
  1. Demographic change: The world population is expected to be over 9 billion by 2050. Additionally, more and more people live in cities. Urban populations feed themselves differently than inhabitants of rural areas; they tend to consume less staple foods and more meat and dairy products.
  2. Higher income and non-sustainable use of resources: As the global economy grows, wealthy people consume more food and goods, which have to be produced with a lot of water and energy. They can afford not to be efficient and wasteful in their use of resources.
  3. Bad policies and weak institutions: When policies, for example energy policy, are not tested for the consequences they have on the availability of land and water it can lead to failures. An example are the biofuel policies of industrialized countries: As corn and sugar are increasingly used for the production of fuels, there is less land and water for the production of food.

In 2008, CHILDHOOD HUNGER contributed to nearly three million deaths of children under the age of 5 around the world, according to Unicef. Hungry and malnourished children have compromised immune systems and are unable to fight off illness and disease. Hungry children are more likely to have chronic illnesses which lead to frequent hospital visits and more hospitalizations than other children.
The effects of childhood hunger continue throughout the child's life. Low birth weight causes low IQ and shortened adult height. Impaired physical and cognitive development, poor health, emotional limitations and behavioral problems limit earning and educational choices for adults.
File:2012 GHI severity map.jpg
171 million children – 27 percent of all children
globally – are stunted, meaning their
bodies and minds have suffered permanent,
irreversible damage due to malnutrition.

Child (pg 15) malnutrition is widespread and it is limiting the future success of
millions of children and their countries. Stunting, or stunted growth, occurs
when children do not receive the right type of nutrients, especially in utero or
during the first two years of life. Children whose bodies and minds are limited
by stunting are at greater risk for disease and death, poor performance in school,
and a lifetime of poverty. More than 80 countries in the developing world have
child stunting rates of 20 percent or more. Thirty of these countries have what
is considered to be “very high” stunting rates of 40 percent or more. While
many countries are making progress in reducing child malnutrition, stunting
prevalence is on the rise in at least 14 countries, most of them in sub-Saharan
Africa. If current trends continue, Africa may overtake Asia as the region most
heavily burdened by child malnutrition.

One of the most effective ways to fight child malnutrition is to focus on girls’ education. Educated women tend to have fewer, healthier and better-nourished children. Increased investments are needed to help more girls go to school and stay in school and to Encourage
families and communities to value the education of girls. Both formal education
and non-formal training give girls knowledge, self-confidence, practical skills and
hope for a bright future. These are powerful tools that can help delay marriage
and child-bearing to a time that is healthier for them and their babies.

• Hungery (pg4) children ages 0-3 years cannot learn as much, as fast, or as well because chronic undernutrition harms their cognitive development during this critical period of rapid brain growth, actually changing the fundamental neurological architecture of the brain and central nervous system,
• Hungry children do more poorly in school and have lower academic achievement because they are not well prepared for school and cannot concentrate,
• Hungry children have more social and behavioral problems because they feel bad, have less energy for complex social interactions, and cannot adapt as effectively to environmental stresses


FOOD STAMP usage has soared to a new record high of 47,102,780. As of August 2012, 1 in 6.7 people are on food stamps in the United States. That's 15.0% of people living in America are on food assistance. The United States population in middle of August 2012 was 314,484,000 and this figure includes everyone, including Americans overseas. Food stamp usage increased 2.9% from August 2011 and 0.9% from July 2012.
food stamp usage graph
Since October 2007, food stamp usage has increased 74.4%. Population has increased 3.9% during the same time period. That is how badly America is hurting.
This is the largest monthly increase in food stamp usage in a year, graphed below.
food stamp usage percent change from one year ago
Below is the yearly percent change in food stamp usage per state. As we can see with the recession claimed to be over in July 2009, we still are seeing more people going on food stamps. Population increased only 1.4% from August 2011 to August 2012.



food stamp usage by states

PAYDAY LOANS for FOOD:
Citing data compiled by ComRes the insolvency trade body said there had been a 50% increase in the number of UK adults (5 million) who say they are likely to seek a payday loan in the next six months, up from 3.5 million individuals a year ago.
R3 said this increase came as levels of indebtedness soared, citing figures from 2011 which showed one in three payday loan customers had to take out a second payday loan to repay the first one.
In an even more worrying trend, R3 said in some instances payday loans were now being used to pay for other loans instead of essentials such as food and bills.
R3 council member Louise Brittain said: “If used in the right way a payday loan does have a place. However they are increasingly being taken on as a debt solution instead of a financial solution.
“We know from last year that one in three couldn’t pay off the first payday loan so had to take out another one – and now 12% of 18-24 year olds have prioritised paying back this debt over buying food in the past six months. This is surely not what the payday providers intended.”

***Pews Report 7 out of 10 borrowers use payday loans -- typically short-term, high-interest cash advances -- to make payments on recurring bills, including utilities, car payments, food, rent and mortgage payments. This is contrary to the typical marketing from payday lenders. The typical borrower tends to be 25 to 49 years old and has a household income below $40,000. Those making from $15,000 to $25,000 are most likely to use payday loans. Just more than 5 percent of Americans -- about 12 million people -- have used a payday loan in the past year. 
Pew's survey also revealed just how the fees and interest payments can add up to be astronomical. On average, borrowers shelled out nearly $900, including interest, fees and principal, for a loan of $375. These figures indicate how much borrowing costs balloon when a customer cannot.

 Bountiful Hunger

blinking eyes contest hungers spiral
natures tears parch cracking lips
soundless babies cry blank stares
earths plowing tires from man-made
deep forest of corruptions expand
banish sun retards yearlings yearn
moons tide retreats beyond promise
dark pool commodities bubble wants
leverage rapes amber fields of needs
arbitrary gambles grope our hunger
All for Their Viewing Pleasure

zenscout

2 comments:

  1. Wow.
    You put a lot of work into this.
    Excellent.
    Great timing.
    Thanksgiving is in a few days.
    Maybe the solution is - - one family at a time - - .

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. one can only imagine the dreadful job id create, without the help & encouragement from RJS

      too seldom is such brilliance as his realized

      (we're the lucky ones RZ' )

      Delete